PIKES PEAK COG RAILWAY
There is a wealth of activity to do in the Pikes Peak Region. One of the most popular attractions is the Pikes Peak Cog Railway.
Pikes Peak is one of Colorado's most famous mountains, where the song "America the Beautiful", was inspired from. Pikes Peak is at an elevation of 14,110 feet and one of the most accessible mountain peaks in the state of Colorado.
The Manitou & Pikes Peak Railway Company was founded in 1889 and the first trains made their way to the top of Pikes Peak in 1891.
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Conventional railroads use the friction of wheels upon the rails, called "adhesion", to provide locomotive power. A cog, or rack, railroad uses a gear, "cog wheel", meshing into a special rack rail (mounted in the middle between the outer rails) to climb much steeper grades than those possible with a standard adhesion railroad. An adhesion railroad can only climb grades of 4 to 6%, with very short sections of up to 9%. A "rack" railroad can climb grades of up to 48%, depending upon the type of rack system employed. Some Swiss trains use a combination of "rack" and "adhesion". This enables the trains to reach much higher speeds on the adhesion sections (rack railroads can not go much faster than 25 miles per hour or they run the risk of dislodgement from the rack rail- M & PP Ry.'s top speed is about 9 MPH).